손자녀 양육 스트레스 측정도구 개발 -주간양육 할머니를 중심으로
Development of a "Grandmothering Stress Index" for Korean Day-care Grandmothers

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김문정; 정재원
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여성건강간호학회 = Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing
Korean J Women Health Nurs, 14(1), 56-65
Purpose: The study was to develop an instrument to measure grandmothering stress for Korean day-care grandmothers and to test the validity and reliability of the instrument.

Method: The items of the instrument were based on a literature review and secondary data. After content validity tests and a pilot test, 20 items were developed. In order to test the reliability and validity of the scale, data were collected from 126 grandmothers.

Result: After a factor analysis, five factors and 15 items were selected. These explained 67.2% of the total variance. The first domain was termed Health problems, and explained 18.1% of the total variance, and the second domain of Possibility of role substitution explained 13.8%. The third and the fourth domains were Relations with adult children and Grandchildrens characteristics explaining 12.5% and 12.1%, respectively. The last domain explained 10.8% of the total variance with the theme Restriction of social life. After accomplishing the reliability analysis, Cronbachs alpha coefficient was determined to be .75.

Conclusions: This initial step in the development of a Grandmothering Stress Index is valuable to reflect the subject of Grandmothering stress in senior citizens in Korea. Future study should to refine the constitution of the instrument.
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College of Nursing (간호대학)Dept. of Nursing (간호학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_간호학과)
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