The Two Koreas after U.S. Unipolarity: In Search of a New North Korea Policy

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Hwang, Jihwan
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Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.20 No.1, pp. 77-88
Balance of PowerU.S. Unipolaritythe Rise of ChinaNorth KoreaSouth Korea
The global and East Asian orders of power are now represented by China's economic, military, and diplomatic rise and America's decline. While U.S.-China relations represent a set of the most important

variables in world politics, the meaning of Chinas rise is much greater on the Korean Peninsula.

Given the recurring balance of power shift from the U.S. preponderance of power for the last two

decades, it is necessary to rethink the security environment in the region. In this vein, South Korea may

need to examine the meaning of the rise of China for the Korean Peninsula, especially with regard to

the North Korean issue. In reality, China's rise has presented South Korea with a complex and difficult

challenge in dealing with North Korea.

As a result of the rise of China and changes in Chinese-North Korean relations, the North Korean

problem can no longer be seen from the post-Cold War framework of the 1990s. North Korea is now a

nation strongly dependent on and supported by a rising China. Thus, it is high time for South Korea to

think again about its North Korea policy. The South Korean government needs to reassess the

changing balance of power on the Korean Peninsula and seek a new North Korea policy that can increase its influence on North Korea.
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area Studies (JIAS)Journal of International and Area Studies vol.20 (2013)
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