S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Pathology (병리학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_병리학전공)
NF-Y-dependent cyclin B2 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma
- Park, Seon-Hwa; Yu, Gyung-Ran; Kim, Woo-Ho; Moon, Woo-Sung; Kim, Jong-Hun; Kim, Dae-Ghon
- Issue Date
- American Association for Cancer Research
- Clin Cancer Res 2007;13:858-67
- PURPOSE: Cyclin B2, a G(2)-M cyclin, is overexpressed in colorectal adenocarcinomas compared with the normal mucosa. This study examined the level of cyclin B2 overexpression according to the histologic findings and investigated the mechanism(s) and clinical implications of cyclin B2 overexpression in colorectal adenocarcinomas. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The immunoreactivity of the polyclonal antibodies to cyclin B2 was determined in colorectal cancer cells. The transcriptional regulation of cyclin B2 by NF-Y was analyzed using an in vitro transfection assay and an in vivo chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. The proliferative activity of the colorectal cancer cells in relation to cyclin B2 overexpression was further examined. RESULTS: The cytoplasmic distribution of cyclin B2 immunoreactivity was positive in 42 of 65 (64.6%) cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma, and the level was similar regardless of the histologic type. A dominant-negative form of NF-YA effectively inhibited the cyclin B2 promoter activity, and NF-Y was found to bind three conserved CCAAT boxes in the cyclin B2 promoter in colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Tumor cells with a higher functional cyclin B2 activity grew faster than those with a lower activity. Furthermore, there was a correlation between the cells showing immunoreactivity to cyclin B2 and those containing the proliferating cell nuclear antigen, a G1-S cyclin, which is also downstream of NF-Y in colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. CONCLUSIONS: Cyclin B2 seems to be a molecular marker of a colorectal adenocarcinoma and that its up-regulation and coordinate expression of the other cell cycle-related genes by NF-Y might contribute to tumor cell proliferation by accelerating cell cycle progression.
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