Nursing gaze as framework for nursing practice: a study from acute care settings in Korea, Norway and the USA
- Ellefsen, Bodil; Kim, Hesook Suzie; Han, Kyung Ja
- Issue Date
- Scand J Caring Sci 2007; 21: 98-105
- clinical construction; descriptive design; descriptive theory; nursing framework; nursing gaze; nursing practice
- The aim of the study was to investigate the nature of nurses' clinical practice in terms of what frames their clinical engagement, and to examine how clinical constructions were made. The study is based on a descriptive design using a clinical field approach in acute care settings in Korea, the USA and Norway. A theoretical sample consisted of between four and six Registered Nurses in each country: up to three from medical wards and three from surgical wards. Data were collected through participant observation of and in-depth interviews with the nurses, as well as from nursing documentation about the patients. The result showed an overall model of a theory of nursing practice consisting of three processes: nursing gaze, clinical construction and clinical engagement. This first article outlines the overall descriptive theory of nursing practice and provides a detailed description of the first aspect: the nursing gaze. The model of the structuring of nursing gaze is set within the philosophy of nursing, consisting of the ontology of client and the ontology of practice. The dimensions of normality and needs constitute the ontology of client, and the dimension of clinical expectations constituted the ontology of practice.
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