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Identity concepts of young political parties in Taiwan and Hong Kong after the Sunflower and Umbrella Movements: The cases of the New Power Party and Demosisto
헤바라기・우산운동 후에 대만과 홍콩의 신생 정당의 정체성 개념에 관한 연구: 시대역량과 데모시스토를 중심으로

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dc.contributor.advisor한영혜 Han Young-Hae-
dc.contributor.author실러 안나-
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-03T01:44:48Z-
dc.date.available2018-12-03T01:44:48Z-
dc.date.issued2018-08-
dc.identifier.other000000152957-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10371/143906-
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공), 2018. 8. 한영혜 Han Young-Hae.-
dc.description.abstract2010년대 초 대만의 해바라기 운동과 홍콩의 우산운동이 전세계의 주목을 받았다. 이러한 운동이 추구한 목표 및 가치는 이후 출범한 신생정당인 ‘시대역량 (New Power Party·時代力量)’과 ‘데모시스토 (Demosisto·香港衆志)’를 통해 기존 정치체제에 도입되었다. 이 두 정당이 주장하는 정체성의 개념은 앤서니 D. 스미스가 제시한 시민적·민족적 정체성의 분류법과 상충된다. 최근 학술연구는 시민적·민족적 정체성 개념에 초점을 맞춰 대만과 홍콩 지역의 정체성 변화를 분석하였는데, 본 논문은 신생정당의 정체성 개념에 있어 이 범주에 속하지 않는 요소를 찾고자 한다. 본 연구는 정당 강령과 같이 당에서 직접 발표한 문서를 비롯해 정당의 활동을 다룬 언론보도, 그리고 과거 정체성 변화에 대한 역사적 관점을 기반으로 분석을 수행한다. 그렇게 함으로써 이 지역의 시민적·민족적 정체성 개념 사이의 역학관계에 영향을 미쳐온 역사적 요인을 제시하고자 한다. 결론적으로 이 논문은 ‘시대역량’과 ‘데모시스토’ 두 정당의 정체성 개념은 시민적 정체성과 민족적 정체성 간의 상호작용을 통해 형성된다고 주장한다.-
dc.description.abstractIn the early 2010s, The Sunflower and the Umbrella movements in Taiwan and Hong Kong gained world-wide attention. In the aftermath of these protests, new political parties were formed that brought the movements’ goals and values into the established political systems of Taiwan and Hong Kong. The identity concepts promoted by the New Power Party and Demosisto challenge Anthony D. Smith’s categorization of civic and ethnic national identity. While recent academic work focused on the civic national identity concept to explain identity shifts in the region, this thesis seeks to find elements of the parties’ identity concepts that do not fit into this category. The analysis will be based on texts produced by the parties, such as party programs, as well as media reports covering the parties’ activities and a historical perspective on past identity changes. In doing so, it will suggest historical factors that influenced and still influence the dynamics between ethnic and civic national identity concepts in the region. The thesis argues that an interplay of civic and ethnic identification shapes the two parties’ identity concepts.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsI. Introduction 1

1. Research Purpose 2

2. Outline 4

3. Literature Review 5

4. Analytical Framework 10

II. A historical perspective on changing identity formations in Taiwan and Hong Kong 13

1. Taiwans changing identity formations and their influence on todays local identity 13

1-1. Dutch and Qing rule 14

1-2. Colonialization under Japanese rule 16

1-3. Kuomintang rule 18

1-4. Democratization from the 1970s 20

1-5. Taiwans identity issues today in the light of the China factor 21

2. Hong Kongs changing identity formations and their influence on todays local identity 23

2-1. Hong Kong before and under British colonial rule 23

2-2. Hong Kongs protracted democratization process before the handover 26

2-3. Hong Kongs identity issues today in the light of the China factor 28

3. Similarities and differences in Taiwans and Hong Kongs process of identity formation 30

III. Recent protest movements in Taiwan and Hong Kong and underlying identity issues 32

1. Sunflower Movement: Emergence, issues, processes, and outcome 32

2. Umbrella Movement: Emergence, issues, processes, and outcome 35

3. Comparison of the two movements 37

IV. Analysis of the political orientation and identity concepts of NPP and Demosisto 38

1. Terminology 40

2. Political values 41

3. Position on culture and tradition 45

4. International status of their respective country 49

5. Views on migration 52

6. Main findings and comparison of the identity concepts promoted by NPP and Demosisto 54

7. Civic national identity, ethnic national identity or none of them 55

V. Conclusion 58

Bibliography 61

Appendix: Cited Paragraphs from Chinese Literature 68
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subject.ddc307-
dc.titleIdentity concepts of young political parties in Taiwan and Hong Kong after the Sunflower and Umbrella Movements: The cases of the New Power Party and Demosisto-
dc.title.alternative헤바라기・우산운동 후에 대만과 홍콩의 신생 정당의 정체성 개념에 관한 연구: 시대역량과 데모시스토를 중심으로-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorAnna Schiller-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.contributor.affiliation국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공)-
dc.date.awarded2018-08-
Appears in Collections:
Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
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