S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Anatomy (해부학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_해부학전공)
Foxp3 Expression in p53-dependent DNA Damage Responses
- Jung, Da-Jung; Jin, Dong-Hoon; Hong, Seung-Woo; Kim, Jee-Eun; Kim, DaeJin; Hwang, Young-Il; Lee, Wang-Jae; Kang, Jae-Seung; Cho, Byung-Joo; Shin, Jae-Sik
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY; Vol.285, No.11; 7995-8002
- The forkhead transcription factor, Foxp3, is thought to act as a master regulator that controls (suppresses) expression of the breast cancer oncogenes, SKP2 and HER-2/ErbB2. However, the mechanisms that regulate Foxp3 expression and thereby modulate tumor development remain largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that Foxp3 up-regulation requires p53 function, showing that Foxp3 expression is directly regulated by p53 upon DNA damage responses in human breast and colon carcinoma cells. Treatment with the genotoxic agents, doxorubicin or etoposide, induced Foxp3 expression in p53-positive carcinoma cells, but not in cells lacking p53 function. Furthermore, knock down of endogenous wild-type p53 using RNA interference abrogated Foxp3 induction by genotoxic agents, and exogenous expression of p53 in cells lacking p53 restored the responsiveness of Foxp3 to DNA-damaging stresses. In addition, Foxp3 knock down blunted the p53-mediated growth inhibitory response to DNA-damaging agents. These results suggest that induction of Foxp3 in the context of tumor suppression is regulated in a p53-dependent manner and implicate Foxp3 as a key determinant of cell fate in p53-dependent DNA damage responses.
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