S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Center for East Asian Studies (동아문화연구소) Journal of S.N.U. Institute for Asian Studies (동아문화) 동아문화 Volume 50 (2012)
唐代 「非樂府題七言轉韻體詩」 的創體意義
The Meaning of Create “Seven-Character Changing rhymes Poetry with non Yue Fu Title” in Dang Dynasty
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 동아문화연구소
- 동아문화, Vol.50, pp. 273-331
- 詩在唐代, 其實是處在不斷發展、 不斷變動中的, 從唐初到盛、 中、 晚, 詩的外在形式也好, 內在體調也好, 都在不斷改革, 詩人們經常對各體詩的寫作方法, 進行各種實驗, 例如王維的五言詩 〈晦日游大理韋卿城南別業四聲依次用各六韻〉(全唐詩, 125:1245), 全首遞用平聲真文、 上聲有、 去聲寘未、 入聲屋沃等韻, 每十二句一換。 這雖然是一件小事, 然而, 當王維把它記在題目上來特別強調時, 它就是一個訊號, 透露出作者對押韻格式研究的重視。 如果我們更深入關心唐詩的進化軌跡, 將會看到更多不曾為前人發現的現象。 本文所提出的 「七言轉韻體」 就是受到長期誤解的詩體。 所謂 「七言轉韻體」, 是指以七言書寫, 一首至少轉一次韻以上, 每換一韻, 首句必須押韻; 使用律化的平仄律, 但律化的覆蓋率較小, 不強制句句入律, 句聯之間的黏對也較寬。 這樣的詩體, 在傳世的唐詩選本中, 都把它歸入七古類, 頂多是在七古裡面, 再細分為七言古詩和樂府歌行, 然後將它歸類為樂府歌行, 無人注意到它的本來面目。
During the first 150 years of Tang Dynasty is the variant period of the development of seven character poetry. There are just 7 seven-character poetry in “Quantangshi” before Du Fu chapter that are more than ten verses, and only 336 Seven-character eight-line regulated verse (Qilu). The quantity is for sure less than seven-character changing rhymes poetry. Seven-character changing rhymes poetry can be cauterized in two forms: Yue Fu title, and non Yue Fu title. Due to the origin of seven-character changing rhymes poetry comes from Yue Fu in Liang and Chen a dynasty, it is normal to have a poem with Yue Fu title. But ever since the appearance of Seven-character changing rhymes poetry, a kind of power has existed which eagers to get rid the influence of Yue Fu, not only the title but also its contents. Namely, if seven-character changing rhymes poetry wants to resemble five-character old poetry (Kushi) or five-character eight-line regulated verse (Wulu), it should be written freely of what the poets see and how they feel.
This effort can be seemed as to create a new form of poetry, it’s necessary to work towards this direction before Seven-character eight-line regulated verse and Seven-character old poetry establish their status. When it comes to the era of Du Fu, Seven-character eight-line regulated verse has no doubt become the representative of Seven-character short poetry in Dang Dynasty, and a through rhythm of Seven-character long poetry is also going to form a new genre of Seven-character old poetry (Qiku). Seven-character changing rhymes poetry then steps aside the main position of poetry genre, and is attached to Qiku as the name of Seven-character song or Yue Fu. This paper applies to on-site research to directly investigate “Quantangshi” as the spot evidence, hopefully can revert the historical truth of poetry development during this time.