S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Food and Animal Biotechnology (식품·동물생명공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_식품·동물생명공학부)
Chemerin Suppresses Ovarian Follicular Development and Its Potential Involvement in Follicular Arrest in Rats treated Chronically with Dihydrotestosterone
- Kim, Ji Young; Xue, Kai; Cao, Mingju; Wang, Qi; Liu, Jia-yin; Leader, Arthur; Han, Jae Yong; Tsang, Benjamin K.
- Issue Date
- Endocrine Society
- Endocrinology, vol.154 no.8, pp. 2912-2933
- In the present study, we have investigated the cellular mechanisms of androgen-induced antral follicular growth arrest and the possible involvement of chemerin and its receptor chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) in this process, using a chronically androgenized rat model. We hypothesize that hyperandrogenism induces antral follicle growth arrest via the action of chemerin and ovarian structural changes, resulting from granulosa cell and oocyte apoptosis and theca cell survival. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment resulted in increased expression of chemerin and CMKLR1 in antral follicles, absence of corpus luteum, and increased atypical follicles. Addition of chemerin to follicle cultures induced granulosa cell apoptosis and suppressed basal, FSH- and growth differentiation factor-9-stimulated follicular growth. DHT down-regulated aromatase expression and increased active caspase-3 content and DNA fragmentation in granulosa cells in vivo. These changes were accompanied by higher phosphatase and tensin homolog and lower phospho-Akt (Ser473) content in antral follicles and higher calpain expression and down-regulation of cytoskeletal proteins in atypical follicles, which were constituted predominantly of theca cells. DHT also activated granulosa cell caspase-3, decreased X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and phospho-Akt contents and induced apoptosis in vitro, responses readily attenuated by forced X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein expression. These findings are consistent with our hypothesis that antral follicular growth arrest in DHT-treated rats results from increased chemerin expression and action, as well as changes in follicular cell fate and structure, which are a consequence of dysregulated interactions of pro-survival and pro-apoptotic modulators in a cell-specific manner. Our observations suggest that this chronically androgenized rat model may be useful for studies on the long-term effects of androgens on folliculogenesis and may have implications for the female reproductive disorders associated with hyperandrogenism.
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