S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Cancer Research Institute (암연구소) Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
Predictive and prognostic value of PET/CT imaging post-chemoradiotherapy and clinical decision-making consequences in locally advanced head & neck squamous cell carcinoma: a retrospective study
- Kim, Ryul; Ock, Chan-Young; Keam, Bhumsuk; Kim, Tae Min; Kim, Jin Ho; Paeng, Jin Chul; Kwon, Seong Keun; Hah, J. Hun; Kwon, Tack-Kyun; Kim, Dong-Wan; Wu, Hong-Gyun; Sung, Myung-Whun; Heo, Dae Seog
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Cancer, Vol.16, p. 116
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- Background: The accuracy of F-18 fluorodeoxygluocose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting immediate failure after radical chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for HNSCC is poorly characterized at present. The purpose of this study was to examine PET/CT as a predictive and prognostic gauge of immediate failure after CRT and determine the impact of these studies on clinical decision making in terms of salvage surgery. Methods: Medical records of 78 consecutive patients receiving radical CRT for locally advanced HNSCC were reviewed, analyzing PET/CTs done before and 3 months after CRT. Immediate failure was defined as residual disease or locoregional and/or systemic relapse within 6 months after CRT. Results: Maximum standard uptake value (SUV) of post CRT PET/CT (postSUVmax) was found optimal for predicting immediate failure at a cutpoint of 4.4. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) were 90.0 %, 83.8 %, 98.3 %, and 45.0 %, respectively. Of 78 patients studied, postSUVmax >= 4.4 prevailed in 20 (25.6 %), with postSUVmax < 4.4 in 58 (74.4 %). At postSUVmax >= 4.4 (vs. postSUVmax < 4.4) OS was poorer by comparison (3-year OS: 56.9 vs. 87.7 %; P = 0.005), as was progression-free survival (3-year PFS: 42.9 vs. 81.1 %; P < 0.001). At postSUVmax >= 4.4, OS with and without immediate salvage surgery did not differ significantly (3-year OS: 60.0 vs. 55.6 %; Log-rank P = 0.913). Conclusion: Post CRT PET/CT imaging has prognostic value in terms of OS and PFS and is useful in predicting immediate therapeutic failure, given its high NPV. However, OS was not significantly altered by early salvage surgery done on the basis of post CRT PET/CT findings.