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Discrimination-related health inequality and role of social capital among marriage migrant women in South Korea

Cited 5 time in Web of Science Cited 5 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Chang-O
Issue Date
2016-10-26
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
International Journal for Equity in Health, 15(1):176
Keywords
DiscriminationRacismHealth inequalityResilienceLinking social capitalTotal differential decompositionPower resource theorySouth Korea
Abstract
Background
This study aimed to evaluate whether social capital could alleviate health inequality against racial discrimination and identify the critical nature of social capital that generates health inequality differences within the social context of South Korea.

Methods
Using the data of the 2009 National Survey of Multicultural Families, a nationally representative sample in which 40,430 foreign wives participated, the concentration index (CI) was used to measure the discrimination-related inequalities in self-rated health and was decomposed into contributing factors.

Results
The results showed a significant concentration of poor self-rated health unfavorable to foreign wives who were highly discriminated (CI 0.023, standard error [SE] 0.001, p < .001). However, when the CIs were assessed among the subgroups of different social capital, no discrimination-related inequality in health was observed among the group of linking social capital (CI 0.008, SE 0.008, p .332). The total differential decomposition method showed two major factors that generate differences in health inequality between the groups of non-linking and linking social capital: protest against discrimination (35.8 %); experiences of discrimination (28.3 %).

Conclusions
The present results indicated that linking social capital can be a useful resource of health resilience factor that equalizes discrimination-related health inequality among marriage migrant women in South Korea. This study provides additional evidence that social capital needs to be placed in its political context.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/109782
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-016-0464-z
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Dept. of Social Welfare (사회복지학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_사회복지학과)
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