S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Dept. of Social Welfare (사회복지학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_사회복지학과)
Discrimination-related health inequality and role of social capital among marriage migrant women in South Korea
- Kim, Chang-O
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- International Journal for Equity in Health, 15(1):176
- Discrimination ; Racism ; Health inequality ; Resilience ; Linking social capital ; Total differential decomposition ; Power resource theory ; South Korea
This study aimed to evaluate whether social capital could alleviate health inequality against racial discrimination and identify the critical nature of social capital that generates health inequality differences within the social context of South Korea.
Using the data of the 2009 National Survey of Multicultural Families, a nationally representative sample in which 40,430 foreign wives participated, the concentration index (CI) was used to measure the discrimination-related inequalities in self-rated health and was decomposed into contributing factors.
The results showed a significant concentration of poor self-rated health unfavorable to foreign wives who were highly discriminated (CI 0.023, standard error [SE] 0.001, p < .001). However, when the CIs were assessed among the subgroups of different social capital, no discrimination-related inequality in health was observed among the group of linking social capital (CI 0.008, SE 0.008, p .332). The total differential decomposition method showed two major factors that generate differences in health inequality between the groups of non-linking and linking social capital: protest against discrimination (35.8 %); experiences of discrimination (28.3 %).
The present results indicated that linking social capital can be a useful resource of health resilience factor that equalizes discrimination-related health inequality among marriage migrant women in South Korea. This study provides additional evidence that social capital needs to be placed in its political context.