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Reduction of bone morphogenetic protein-2 dose through graphene oxide-based delivery for bone regeneration
그래핀 옥사이드 기반의 약물 전달을 통한 골형성 단백질 용량 감소 및 뼈 재생

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Authors
정문주
Advisor
김병수
Major
공과대학 협동과정 바이오엔지니어링전공
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
Bone morphogenetic protein-2Bone regenerationFibrinGraphene oxide
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 협동과정 바이오엔지니어링전공, 2015. 8. 김병수.
Abstract
High doses of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) are required for effective bone regeneration. However, these high doses often cause undesirable adverse effects, including bone overgrowth, osteolysis, and activation of the immune response, and raise treatment costs. In an effort to reduce the BMP-2 dose to avoid or diminish side effects, we investigated whether delivery of BMP-2 using graphene oxide (GO) can reduce the BMP-2 dose for bone regeneration. Delivery of BMP-2 using GO flakes suspended in fibrin gels (GO/F) resulted in significantly greater osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in vitro, and at various doses of BMP-2, significantly greater amounts of bone regeneration in mouse calvarial defects occurred than when fibrin gel (F) alone was used. A half-dose of BMP-2 delivered by GO/F resulted in bone regeneration similar to that resulting from a full dose of BMP-2 delivered by F. The enhanced bone regeneration efficacy was likely due, at least in part, to the sustained release, higher structural stability, and higher bioactivity of BMP-2 delivered by GO/F compared to BMP-2 delivered by F. Therefore, GO may be an effective carrier for BMP-2 to reduce the BMP-2 dose and avoid adverse effects.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/122454
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Program in Bioengineering (협동과정-바이오엔지니어링전공)Theses (Master's Degree_협동과정-바이오엔지니어링전공)
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