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Policy Analysis for Power Sector Sustainable Development Framework in the Philippines

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Authors
Danilo V. Vivar
Advisor
Professor Yeonbae Kim
Major
공과대학 협동과정 기술경영·경제·정책전공
Issue Date
2013-02
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 협동과정 기술경영·경제·정책전공, 2013. 2. 김연배.
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Policy Analysis for Power Sector Sustainable Development Framework in the Philippines

Danilo V. Vivar
International Energy Policy Program
Technology Management, Economics and Policy
College of Engineering, Seoul National University

The global issues on environmental degradation shifted economic development efforts in a sustainable manner as part of core principle underpinning global and national policy and planning. Energy, undoubtedly one of the most important sectors of economy plays a vital role in economic growth while production and utilization of energy is also the biggest culprit for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission that brought about environmental degradation. Particularly in energy related CO2 emissions, power generation sector is the biggest emitter of CO2 to the environment. In this regard, it is very important to analyze existing policy in power sector to ensure the sustainability of power development that would greatly influence all aspects of development.
The study focused on the policy analysis of long-term power development plan (PDP) of the Philippines. As a result of major structural reform, the power industry deregulation transferring majority of the power generation and transmission assets to the administration of private sector. Under deregulated condition of the power sector, the government is barred from investing in power generation, however, private participation is encouraged in order to put up required additional power capacities and related infrastructures. The government remained as a policy making body that monitors and evaluates the sector’s development. Important policy such as promotion on the utilization of renewable energy (RE) in power generation is encouraged, however, based on the recent PDP update lesser additional capacities from RE sources is expected in the near future. Thus, without full government support the program on RE promotion may not be achieved. On the other hand, the committed additional power capacities were generated from fossil fuels, which are the major sources of GHG emission. Thus, policy analysis for power sector sustainable development in a long-term is necessary to monitor and asses the sustainability of power sector encompassing the area of economic, social and environmental development.
The study used energy modelling tool to establish different long-term scenarios for power generation mix as indicated in the latest PDP and other long-term scenarios related to sustainable development efforts of the country such as high RE scenario. A comparative analysis likewise has been established among different scenarios to come up with policy implications of the current policy framework.
A major concern of the study is to provide bases in the formulation of policy for sustainable development of power sector in the Philippines towards a more systematic means of assessing existing policy framework
to establish related energy indicators for assessing sustainability in the power development goal that that could support policy and decision makers and other energy stakeholders. To realize this concern, the study adopted Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development (EISD) framework to assess the sustainable path of the energy policy setup of the country.
The study result shows that fossil fuels, particularly coal and natural gas will still be the biggest source of power in the Philippines for the next 20 years, although its dominant contribution can be subsided but only with the full support of government that should need to implement RE goals and targets and other sustainable development strategies. This challenge is not an easy task for the government since it requires private participation but an initiative to incorporate sustainable development in socially responsive energy sector programs such as in rural electrification program and missionary electrification may lead to full development of RE technology, that in effect, long-term development can be expected for much larger scale of other RE technology application.
Keywords: Policy
Power Sector
Sustainable Development
Energy Modelling
Energy Indicators
Student Number: 2011-22936
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/122519
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Program in Technology, Management, Economics and Policy (협동과정-기술·경영·경제·정책전공)Theses (Master's Degree_협동과정-기술·경영·경제·정책전공)
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