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PERCEPTION OF THE ELITE COMMUNITY ON DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.advisor김태균-
dc.contributor.author셔린-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-14T07:08:22Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-14T07:08:22Z-
dc.date.issued2015-08-
dc.identifier.other000000067400-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/126362-
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 : 국제학과, 2015. 8. 김태균.-
dc.description.abstractThe choice of the elites in this study is based upon the understanding that this important segment of the population must be taken into consideration in order to have a complete picture of Egypts political transition. The role of elites "intellectuals" in any society is indeed one of the crucial elements to the development of society. The Egyptian elites proved their important role when they sparked the Egyptian January revolution in 2011. Most of the new scholars were eager to know the perception of the Egyptian elite community on democracy, political system and ways of governance in one of the most famous revolutions in the Arab world, keeping in mind that the elite activists of January 25 uprising spanned to disenfranchised Egyptians, the working class, and politicized reformers. Since the demonstrations began, discussion of the political path forward has engaged not only elites, but also the ordinary citizens. The Egyptian elites' perception about the real problem concerning the democracy and political system is the weak state which is the lack of the
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role of the state institutions, in addition to the lack of consolidation and solidarity that led to the absence of democracy in Egypt. The elites believe that democracy can be reactivated only by two channels, first
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dc.description.abstractthe reform of the state institutions , second-
dc.description.abstractraise awareness among people of concepts such as equality, freedom of speech, etc. Although the scene of democracy and political system as well as economic growth of Egypt might be gloomy currently, the Egyptian elites are optimistic that these transitional periods usually take years until the country get back to the right track with their contribution in the process of democratization.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsTABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER I ................................................................................................................. 1
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 1
1.1 DEFINITION OF ELITE: ...................................................................................... 1
1.2 BACKGROUND .................................................................................................. 2
1.3 PROBLEM STATEMENT: .................................................................................... 5
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS: .................................................................................... 5
1.5 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: ................................................................................... 6
1.5.1 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE .................................................................................. 6
1.6 METHODOLOGY: .............................................................................................. 7
1.6.1 SOFTWARE TO BE USED: ........................................................................... 8
1.6.2 SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE .......................................................................... 8
1.7 JUSTIFICATION ................................................................................................. 8
1.8 SCOPE AND LIMITATION: ............................................................................... 10
1.9 THESIS ORGANIZATION: ................................................................................. 10
CHAPTER II ............................................................................................................... 12
LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................................................... 12
2.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 12
2.1 OVERVIEW OF THE CURRENT EGYPTIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM AND DEMOCRACY: 12
2.2 THEORY OF EGYPTIAN REVOLUTION CASE: ................................................... 15
2.3 THEORES OF LEADERSHIP: ............................................................................. 17
2.4 INDICATORS OF ELITE PERCEPTION ON DEMOCRACY AND POLITICAL SYSTME 18
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2.4.1 Level of Education: .................................................................................. 18
2.4.2 Level of development of Economy: ........................................................ 23
2.4.3 Religious Orientation Influence Attitudes towards Democracy: ............ 28
2.4.4 Institutions and the rule of Law: ............................................................. 30
2.4.5 Democracy and Influence from Foreign Countries: ................................ 32
2.5 STAKEHOLDERS ROLE OF JANUARY REVOLUTION: ........................................ 36
2.5.1 Egyptian Regime using Framework not to Collapse: .............................. 36
2.5.2 Elite Youth in January Revolution: .......................................................... 38
2.5.3 Military Rule: ........................................................................................... 39
2.5.4 Unified and Board Opposition: ........................................................ 41
2.5.5 Social Media by opposition: .................................................................... 42
CHAPTER III .............................................................................................................. 46
OVERVIEW OF ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT .............................................................. 46
3.1 EGYPT PROFILE: .............................................................................................. 46
3.2 POLITICS: ........................................................................................................ 48
3.3 EDUCATION: ................................................................................................... 50
3.4 ECONOMY AND MAIN INCOME RESOURCES: ................................................ 50
3.5 Ancient EGYPT IANS: ...................................................................................... 51
CHAPTER IV .............................................................................................................. 53
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .................................................................................... 53
4.0 INTRODUCTION: ............................................................................................. 53
4.1 RESEARCH DESIGN: ........................................................................................ 53
4.2 MEASUREMENT: ............................................................................................ 55
4.3 SAMPLE SIZE AND DATA COLLECTION: .......................................................... 55
4.4 DATA ANALYSIS: ............................................................................................. 56
4.5 SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE: ............................................................................. 56
4.6 TIME LIMITATIION: ......................................................................................... 57
CHAPTER V ............................................................................................................... 58
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ANALYSIS AND RESULTS .......................................................................................... 58
5.0 PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS: ................................................................................ 58
5.1 FURTHER ANALYSIS: ....................................................................................... 63
5.1.1 Political System in Egypt: ........................................................................ 64
5.1.2 Ways of Governance in Egypt ................................................................. 65
5.1.3 Democracy: ............................................................................................. 66
5.1.4 Level of Satisfaction: ............................................................................... 68
5.1.5 MISCELLANEOUS: .................................................................................... 69
CHAPTER VI .............................................................................................................. 73
FINDINGS AND DISSCUSSION .................................................................................. 73
6.0 INTRODUCTION: ............................................................................................. 73
6.1 PERCEPTION OF EGYPTIAN ELITES TOWARDS POLITICAL SYSTEM IN EGYPT: 73
6.2 THE PERCEPTION OF EGYPTIAN ELITES TOWARDS WAYS OF ........................ 76
GOVERNANACE IN EGYPT: ................................................................................... 76
6.2.1: Elite perception of leadership: ............................................................... 77
6.2.2 Elites' perception of Military Rule: .......................................................... 81
6.3: THE VIEWS OF ELITES OF DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT: ........................................ 82
6.3.1: Democracy effect on the economy: ...................................................... 82
6.3.2 Religious Orientation Influence Attitudes towards Democracy Positively: 85
6.3.3 Highly Learned People and Academia Affected Attitudes towards Democracy Positively: ...................................................................................... 86
6.3.4 Influence from Foreign countries affected the Political System Positively: ......................................................................................................... 92
6.3.5 Views from Women have affected the Political System Positively: ... 94
CHAPTER VII ............................................................................................................. 98
CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION ..................................................................... 98
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.extent1440029 bytes-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 국제대학원-
dc.subjectElite-
dc.subjectDemocracy-
dc.subjectPolitical Transition-
dc.subject.ddc327-
dc.titlePERCEPTION OF THE ELITE COMMUNITY ON DEMOCRACY IN EGYPT-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.citation.pagesiv, 111-
dc.contributor.affiliation국제대학원 국제학과-
dc.date.awarded2015-08-
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
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