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Pro-inflammatory Function of Secreted Threonyl-tRNA synthetase

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Authors
김해준
Advisor
김성훈
Major
융합과학기술대학원 분자의학 및 바이오제약학과
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
서울대학교 융합과학기술대학원
Keywords
threonyl-trna synthetaseinflammatory cytokine
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 융합과학기술대학원 : 융합과학기술대학원 분자의학 및 바이오제약학과 의약생명과학 전공, 2016. 2. 김성훈.
Abstract
ARS is an enzyme that pairs tRNA with each amino acid of its own. Among the 20 different amino acids eukaryotes carry, threonyl-tRNA synthetase (TRS) delivers Threonine to tRNA to regulate protein synthesis. However, there is not much of a study done on functions of TRS other than conventional features. It is currently known that TRS is secreted by the external stimulus such as VEGF and TNF. This mechanism causes metastasis and angiogenesis of tumor, but it is not well studied how secreted TRS functions in this circumstances. Inflammatory cytokines are activated by extracellular signaling and then activated cytokines are secreted through the cell membrane. I expected secreted TRS can do a role of inflammatory function. So, I expressed and purified recombinant human TRS in E. coli. Responses of TRS were studied with the purified TRS on various cell lines. Consequently, I found that recombinant TRS can stimulate important cytokines and chemokines such as IL-6 and IL-8, respectively. On this result, for confirming cytokine activities of TRS, TRS plays an important role in inducing the inflammatory immune response. The present study suggested that TRS can be developed as a novel biomarker targeting newly discovered immune responses and inflammatory diseases.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/133390
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Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원)Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)Theses (Master's Degree_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
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