S-Space College of Human Ecology (생활과학대학) Dept. of Food and Nutrition (식품영양학과) Theses (Master's Degree_식품영양학과)
Effect of Combination of Glycerol Monolaurate, Fructooligosaccharides, and Lactic Acid Bacteria on Fecal Microflora in ICR Mouse Model
ICR 쥐 모델에서 글리세롤 모노라우레이트, 프락토올리고당 및 유산균의 조합식이 섭취가 분변미생물에 미치는 영향
- 생활과학대학 식품영양학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- fecal microflora; glycerol monolaurate; fructooligosaccharides; lactic acid bacteria; real-time PCR
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 식품영양학과, 2017. 2. 지근억.
- Because the intestinal flora is important in the maintaining the health of the host, it has gained much attention recently. Glycerol monolaurate (GML) is known to inhibit various harmful bacteria without inhibiting the growth of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) such as Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus at the 100 ppm level while fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are prebiotic food materials which can selectively promote the growth of LAB. The objective of this study was to observe the effect of combination diets containing GML, FOS, and LAB on the composition of the fecal microflora. The experimental diets contained GML 1 mg, FOS 5 mg, and LAB (B. bifidum BGN4, B. longum BORI, L. acidophilus AD031 at a ratio of 3:3:4) 4 x 108 CFU each and their combinations per 1 g of feed. Mice (n=56) were fed the experimental diets for 2 weeks, and fecal samples were collected once a week. Total bacteria, Bifidobacterium spp., Lactobacillus spp., Bacteroides spp., Clostridium butyricum and Enterobacter spp. & Escherichia spp. were analyzed with real-time PCR. After 1 week, the number of Lactobacillus spp. was significantly increased in the LAB, FOS, GML, LAB+FOS and LAB+GML groups (p < 0.01). The number of Bifidobacterium spp. was significantly increased in the LAB+FOS group (p < 0.05). The numbers of Enterobacter spp. & Escherichia spp. were significantly decreased in the FOS and LAB+FOS+GML groups. After 2 weeks, the number of Bacteroides spp. was significantly reduced in the LAB, FOS, FOS+GML and LAB+FOS groups. The GML alone group did not change the number of Bacteroides spp. and Enterobacter spp. & Escherichia spp. Noticeably, a significant increase in the number of Bifidobacterium spp. was observed in mice with a combination of LAB and FOS (LAB+FOS), whereas the increase was not significant in the LAB alone and FOS alone groups. Taken together, the combination of LAB and FOS, but not with GML, could be more effective than LAB or FOS alone in improving beneficial intestinal microflora.