S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Theses (Master's Degree_수의학과)
Intraocular Pressure Measurement with a Rebound Tonometer (TonoVet®) in Normal Pigeons
- 수의과대학 수의학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- intraocular pressure; rebound tonometry; pigeons; Columbiformes; reference values; linear regression analysis
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 수의과대학 수의학과, 2017. 8. 서강문.
- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of a rebound tonometer (TonoVet®) in pigeon eyes and to establish normal reference intraocular pressure (IOP) values in healthy pigeons. Twenty eyes of euthanized pigeons were used for the calibration of TonoVet® and 48 eyes of 24 adult pigeons for the reference IOP. First, IOP of pigeon eyes ex vivo were measured using the d and the p modes of the TonoVet® and compared with manometric IOP values from 5
to 80 mmHg. Then, to establish normal reference values, IOP was measured from clinically normal pigeons in vivo. Both the d and the p modes of the TonoVet® showed a strong linear correlation with the manometric IOP (R2 = 0.996 and 0.991, respectively). The obtained regression formulas were y = 0.431x1 + 2.154 and y = 0.330x2 - 0.673, respectively (x1, d mode of TonoVet®
x2, p mode of TonoVet®
y, manometric IOP). The d and the p modes steadily underestimated the actual IOP by approximately 1/2 and 1/3, respectively. Therefore, the formula obtained through the d mode was applied to obtain reference values. The calibrated IOP of normal pigeon eyes was 19.5 ± 4.4 mmHg. The actual IOP could be calculated using the presented formula. Considering the limitations of the p mode, it would be more appropriate to use the d mode. Therefore, the TonoVet® rebound tonometry under d mode is a reliable method for measuring IOP in pigeons.