(Re)Placing Sexuality: Transnational Imaginations and Reconstituting Identity
공간과 성적 정체성의 재구성: 초구적 상상력과 정체성의 복원
- 사회과학대학 사회학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 사회과학대학 사회학과, 2018. 8. 정진성.
- This dissertation finds that where gay identity is seen as a foreign artifice or as a non-indigenous product of human evolution, gay migrant men are often forced to adjust gay identity for cultural “fit,” which requires spatial (re)placing and cross-cultural improvisation through the transnational imagination. This causes some gay men to reconstitute gay identity along spatial and cultural lines beyond their own sexual orientations and desires. This dissertation provides an original contribution to the study of sexual migration scholarship and is the first to explore the sexual identity changes of openly gay US men who migrate to South Korea. It adds to the growing narrative on gay identity in East Asia, while bringing to the fore the paradox of addressing sexual minority issues as a human rights concern rather than as a matter of sexual citizenship in the country. I use sociological methodologies and draw on the narrative accounts of openly gay US ex-patriots who migrated to Seoul from the late-90s to investigate how these men adjust to Korea's social conditions. Embedding my analysis in my informant’s transnational imagination of Korea culturally and socially, I also find that these men must relearn heteronormative expectations and masculinity, which greatly impact their being and belonging. Consequently, some begin to see gay identity as syncretic. They carefully mitigate their sexual behaviors to avoid risks, while relying on Korean role models and imitation. Others internalize gay identity as country-specific or culturally specific and see it in Korea as (1) antithetical to Korean values of filial piety and good citizenship
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