S-Space Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology (국제농업기술대학원) Dept. of International Agricultural Technology (국제농업기술학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_국제농업기술학과)
The use of fermented buckwheat to produce l-carnitine enriched oyster mushroom
- Lee, Tae-kyung; Nguyen, Thi T Hanh; Park, Namhyeon; Kwak, So-Hyung; Kim, Jeesoo; Jin, Shina; Son, Gyu-Min; Hur, Jaewon; Choi, Jong-In; Kim, Doman
- Issue Date
- Springer Open
- AMB Express, 8(1):138
- Antioxidant; Cell cytotoxicity; Functional food; Phenolic compounds; Oyster mushroom; Buckwheat
- l-Carnitine is an essential compound that shuttles long chain fatty acids into mitochondria. The objective of this study was to produce l-carnitine enriched oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) using common buckwheat fermented by Rhizopus oligosporus. Mushroom grown on common buckwheat medium contained 9.9–23.9% higher l-carnitine (186.3 mg/kg) than those grown on basal medium without any buckwheat addition. Those grown on fermented common buckwheat medium contained the highest l-carnitine content (201.2 mg/kg). Size index and lightness of mushroom pileus (L*) were also the highest (100.7 and 50.6, respectively) for those grown in medium added with fermented common buckwheat (20%, w/w). Antioxidant activities of both mushroom extracts (1.5 mg/mL) showed the same level as 38.7% for mushroom grown in media added with common buckwheat or fermented common buckwheat. At the treatment concentration of 300 μg/mL, viabilities of murine macrophage cell line Raw 264.7 cells treated with ethanol extract of oyster mushroom grown on buckwheat medium ranged from 58.9 to 67.8%. The oyster mushroom grown on buckwheat and fermented buckwheat medium can be used as one of the substitutes for meat based diets.