S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 55 Number 1/3 (2019)
The Role of Frequency in the Processing of giving and receiving Events in Korean
- Yun, Hongoak; Yi, Eunkyung
- Issue Date
- Language Research, Vol.55 No.2, pp. 253-279
- frequency, ambiguity in thematic role assignment, case marker, Korean sentence comprehension
- This study aimed to examine the processing benefits of frequency information associated with the case marker -eykey in comprehending Korean declarative sentences. By using a picture description task in which pictures ambiguously illustrated either a giving event (-eykeyREC … cwuta ‘give … to’) or a receiving event (-eykeySOURCE … patta ‘receive … from’), we found that giving events were predominantly preferred to receiving events. The results of the online sentence comprehension study revealed that 1) give-type verbs were integrated into sentences faster than receive-type verbs overall and 2) the reading-time differences between the verb types were significant when role NPs were canonically ordered (NP-eykey … NP-(l)ul) but not when they were noncanonically presented (NP-(l)ul … NP-eykey). We claim that structural and semantic frequency bias associated with -eykey facilitates readers’ anticipatory processing in the integration of upcoming information. We further discuss how the processing differences in giving and receiving events might attribute to the argument-adjunct distinction between recipients and sources.