S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 55 Number 1/3 (2019)
Gestural Properties of the Non-Target Velar Stop /k/ and Its Variance with Respect to Supralaryngeal Constrictions in C2
- Son, Minjung
- Issue Date
- Language Research, Vol.55 No.2, pp. 355-377
- In this study, we examine overlap-induced gestural properties in C1. Specifically, we examine the spatio-temporal properties of the non-target velar stop /k/ in Korean, as a function of three segmental contexts in C2 (pre-/h/, pre-/p/, and pre-/t/), two-boundary conditions, and two speech-rate conditions. The results show that gestural overlap with different supralaryngeal constrictions in C2 is positively correlated with the constriction duration of /k/, and is negatively correlated with the constriction maxima. Different constrictions in C2 distinctly affect the spatio-temporal properties of C1. The pre-/t/ context leads to distinct patterns in the C1 velar stop, compared to the pre-/h/ and pre-/p/ contexts. The pre-/t/ velar stops observed in most combinatoric phonological contexts have shorter constriction durations, and have greater constriction maxima for /k(#)t/. Greater constriction maxima is also observed for the within-word condition as well as for fast speech rate. The contradictory spatio-temporal properties of /k/ seem to be determined by physiological constraints on a consecutive lingual-lingual sequence, and by a higher jaw position facilitated by a coronal.