S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 55 Number 1/3 (2019)
The Nature of Indeterminate Expressions in Chinese and Korean: Focused on Wh-phrases in Conditionals
- Chung, Daeho; Park, Myung-Kwan
- Issue Date
- Language Research, Vol.55 No.3, pp. 479-506
- indeterminates; bare wh-conditional; (c)overt wh-movement; ATB whmovement; co-varying; subordinating conjunction
- Previous versions of the paper have been presented on several occasions: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Language Variation (TALV) Workshop 2, Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus, Feb 15~16, 2019; International Conference on Korean Linguistics (ICKL) 2019, Monash University, Australia, Jul 10~11 2019; and Asian GLOW 2019, Dongguk University, Seoul, Aug 7~10, 2019.
- In this paper, we argue that indeterminates in so-called bare wh-conditionals of Chinese are not ordinary indefinites but wh-indefinites. Thus, they are subject to overt ATB-fashion wh-movement, with its tail copy ultimately being realized rather than being licensed via unselective binding by the universal operator, as proposed in Cheng and Huang (1996). We ascribe the co-varying interpretation between the two wh-indefinites in the two antecedent and consequent clauses to the property of the covert form of subordinate conjunction, which can only unify identically interpreted conjoined elements. On the other hand, Korean wh-indefinites are not subject to overt wh-movement but enter into Agree with the Q marker for their licensing. Thus, in the Korean counterpart of bare wh-conditionals, the wh-indefinite in the antecedent clause is referred back to by the anaphoric expression in the subsequent clause that serves as an E-type pronoun, such as a demonstrative (plus the wh-indefinite) or a null argument. It is to be underscored that, owing to the lack of overt wh-movement, the two wh-indefinites in Korean cannot be anaphorically linked via ATB wh-movement.