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Ultrasensitive artificial synapse based on conjugated polyelectrolyte

Cited 62 time in Web of Science Cited 62 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2018-06
Citation
Nano Energy, Vol.48, pp.575-581
Keywords
Neuromorphic devicesMemoryDipole reorientationIon migrationSensitivity
Abstract
Emulating essential synaptic working principles using a single electronic device has been an important research field in recent years. However, achieving sensitivity and energy consumption comparable to biological synapses in these electronic devices is still a difficult challenge. Here, we report the fabrication of conjugated polyelectrolyte (CPE)-based artificial synapse, which emulates important synaptic functions such as paired-pulse facilitation (PPF), spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) and spiking rate dependent plasticity (SRDP). The device exhibits superior sensitivity to external stimuli andlow-energy consumption. Ultrahigh sensitivity and low-energy consumption are key requirements for building up brain-inspired artificial systems and efficient electronicbiological interface. The excellent synaptic performance originated from (i) a hybrid working mechanism that ensured the realization of both short-term and long-term plasticity in the same device, and (ii) the mobile-ion rich CPE thin film that mediate migration of abundant ions analogous to a synaptic cleft. Development of this type of artificial synapse is both scientifically and technologically important for construction of ultrasensitive highly-energy efficient and soft neuromorphic electronics.
ISSN
2211-2855
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164473
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.02.058
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering (재료공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
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