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Functionalized Graphene for High Performance Lithium Ion Capacitors

Cited 100 time in Web of Science Cited 106 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2012-12
Citation
ChemSusChem, Vol.5 No.12, pp.2328-2333
Keywords
capacitorsenergy conversiongraphenelithiumurea reduction
Abstract
Lithium ion capacitors (LICs) have recently drawn considerable attention because they utilize the advantages of supercapacitors (high power) and lithium ion batteries (high energy). However, the energy densities of conventional LICs, which consist of a pair of graphite and activated carbon electrodes, are limited by the small capacities of the activated carbon cathodes. To overcome this limitation, we have engaged urea-reduced graphene oxide. The amide functional groups generated during the urea reduction facilitate the enolization processes for reversible Li binding, which improves the specific capacity by 37?% compared to those of conventional systems such as activated carbon and hydrazine-reduced graphene oxide. Utilizing the increased Li binding capability, when evaluated based on the mass of the active materials on both sides, the LICs based on urea-reduced graphene oxide deliver a specific energy density of approximately 106 Wh?kgtotal-1 and a specific power density of approximately 4200 W?kgtotal-1 with perfect capacity retention up to 1000 cycles. These values are far superior to those of previously reported LICs and supercapacitors, which suggests that appropriately treated graphene can be a promising electrode material for LICs.
ISSN
1864-5631
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164562
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201200549
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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