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A Lithium-Sulfur Battery with a High Areal Energy Density

Cited 182 time in Web of Science Cited 183 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2014-09
Citation
Advanced Functional Materials, Vol.24 No.34, pp.5359-5367
Abstract
The battery community has recently witnessed a considerable progress in the cycle lives of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, mostly by developing the electrode structures that mitigate fatal dissolution of lithium polysulfides. Nonetheless, most of the previous successful demonstrations have been based on limited areal capacities. For realistic battery applications, however, the chronic issues from both the anode (lithium dendrite growth) and the cathode (lithium polysulfide dissolution) need to be readdressed under much higher loading of sulfur active material. To this end, the current study integrates the following three approaches in a systematic manner: 1) the sulfur electrode material with diminished lithium polysulfide dissolution by the covalently bonded sulfur-carbon microstructure, 2) mussel-inspired polydopamine coating onto the separator that suppresses lithium dendrite growth by wet-adhesion between the separator and Li metal, and 3) addition of cesium ions (Cs+) to the electrolyte to repel incoming Li ions and thus prevent Li dendrite growth. This combined strategy resolves the long-standing problems from both electrodes even under the very large sulfur-carbon composite loading of 17 mg cm(-2) in the sulfur electrode, enabling the highest areal capacity (9 mAh cm(-2)) to date while preserving stable cycling performance.
ISSN
1616-301X
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164573
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201400935
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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