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Hierarchical Porous Carbon by Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis Yields Stable Cycling in Lithium-Sulfur Battery

Cited 188 time in Web of Science Cited 191 time in Scopus
Authors
Jung, Dae Soo; Hwang, Tae Hoon; Lee, Ji Hoon; Koo, Hye Young; Shakoor, Rana A.; Kahraman, Ramazan; Jo, Yong Nam; Park, Min-Sik; Choi, Jang Wook
Issue Date
2014-08
Citation
Nano Letters, Vol.14 No.8, pp.4418-4425
Keywords
Bimodal porous carbonhierarchical porous carbonlithium-sulfur batterysmall sulfurspray pyrolysis
Abstract
Utilizing the unparalleled theoretical capacity of sulfur reaching 1675 mAh/g, lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have been counted as promising enablers of future lithium ion battery (LIB) applications requiring high energy densities. Nevertheless, most sulfur electrodes suffer from insufficient cycle lives originating from dissolution of lithium polysulfides. As a fundamental solution to this chronic shortcoming, herein, we introduce a hierarchical porous carbon structure in which meso- and macropores are surrounded by outer micropores. Sulfur was infiltrated mainly into the inner meso- and macropores, while the outer micropores remained empty, thus serving as a "barricade" against outward dissolution of long-chain lithium polysulfides. On the basis of this systematic design, the sulfur electrode delivered 1412 mAh/g(sulfur) with excellent capacity retention of 77% after 500 cycles. Also, a control study suggests that even when sulfur is loaded into the outer micropores, the robust cycling performance is preserved by engaging small sulfur crystal structures (S2-4). Furthermore, the hierarchical porous carbon was produced in ultrahigh speed by scalable spray pyrolysis. Each porous carbon particle was synthesized through 5 s of carrier gas flow in a reaction tube.
ISSN
1530-6984
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164617
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/nl501383g
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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