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A moisture-and oxygen-impermeable separator for aprotic Li-O-2 batteries

Cited 90 time in Web of Science Cited 89 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Byung Gon; Kim, Joo-Seong; Min, Jaeyun; Lee, Yong-Hee; Choi, Jeong Hoon; Jang, Min Chul; Freunberger, Stefan A.; Choi, Jang Wook
Issue Date
2016-03
Citation
Advanced Functional Materials, Vol.26 No.11, pp.1747-1756
Abstract
Despite the unparalleled theoretical gravimetric energy, Li-O-2 batteries are still under a research stage because of their insufficient cycle lives. While the reversibility in air-cathodes has been lately improved significantly by the deepened understanding on the electrode-electrolyte reaction and the integration of diverse catalysts, the stability of the Li metal interface has received relatively much less attention. The destabilization of the Li metal interface by crossover of water and oxygen from the air-cathode side can indeed cause as fatal degradation for the cycle life as the irreversibility of the air-cathodes. Here, it is reported that cheap poreless polyurethane separator can effectively suppress this crossover while allowing Li ions to diffuse through selectively. The polyurethane separator also protects Li metal anodes from redox mediators used for enhancing the reversibility of the air-cathode reaction. Based on the Li metal protection, a persistent capacity of 600 mAh g(-1) is preserved for more than 200 cycles. The current approach can be readily applicable to many other rechargeable batteries that suffer from similar interfacial degradation by side products from the other electrode.
ISSN
1616-301X
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164639
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201504437
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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