S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
The High Performance of Crystal Water Containing Manganese Birnessite Cathodes for Magnesium Batteries
- Nam, Kwan Woo; Kim, Sangryun; Lee, Soyeon; Salama, Michael; Shterenberg, Ivgeni; Gofer, Yossi; Kim, Joo-Seong; Yang, Eunjeong; Park, Chan Sun; Kim, Ju-Sik; Lee, Seok-Soo; Chang, Won-Seok; Doo, Seok-Gwang; Jo, Yong Nam; Jung, Yousung; Aurbach, Doron; Choi, Jang Wook
- Issue Date
- Nano Letters, Vol.15 No.6, pp.4071-4079
- Rechargeable magnesium batteries have lately received great attention for large-scale energy storage systems due to their high volumetric capacities, low materials cost, and safe characteristic. However, the bivalency of Mg2+ ions has made it challenging to find cathode materials operating at high voltages with decent (de)intercalation kinetics. In an effort to overcome this challenge, we adopt an unconventional approach of engaging crystal water in the layered structure of Birnessite MnO2 because the crystal water can effectively screen electrostatic interactions between Mg2+ ions and the host anions. The crucial role of the crystal water was revealed by directly visualizing its presence and dynamic rearrangement using scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Moreover, the importance of lowering desolvation energy penalty at the cathodeelectrolyte interface was elucidated by working with water containing nonaqueous electrolytes. In aqueous electrolytes, the decreased interfacial energy penalty by hydration of Mg2+ allows Birnessite MnO2 to achieve a large reversible capacity (231.1 mAh g(-1)) at high operating voltage (2.8 V vs Mg/Mg2+) with excellent cycle life (62.5% retention after 10000 cycles), unveiling the importance of effective charge shielding in the host and facile Mg2+ ions transfer through the cathodes interface.
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