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Important Role of Functional Groups for Sodium Ion Intercalation in Expanded Graphite

Cited 42 time in Web of Science Cited 43 time in Scopus
Authors
Kang, Yong-Ju; Jung, Sung Chul; Choi, Jang Wook; Han, Young-Kyu
Issue Date
2015-08
Citation
Chemistry of Materials, Vol.27 No.15, pp.5402-5406
Abstract
Expanded graphite oxide (GO) has recently received a great deal of attention as a sodium ion battery anode due to its superior characteristics for sodium ion storage. Here, we report that the sodium ion intercalation behavior of expanded GO strongly depends on the amounts and ratios of different functional groups. The epoxide-rich GO shows significantly higher specific capacities than those of the hydroxyl-rich counterpart utilizing strong sodium-epoxide attractions and appropriately enlarged interlayer spacing during sodiation. The epoxide-rich GO also enables fast sodium ion transport on account of the diminishment of interlayer hydrogen bonds that could reduce the free volume. Our calculations suggest that the theoretical capacity of epoxide-only GO with a stoichiometry of Na2.5C6O3 can reach 930 mAh g(-1) which is far higher than recent experimental results as well as even those of conventional graphite materials in lithium ion batteries.
ISSN
0897-4756
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164689
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02024
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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