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Delicate Structural Control of Si-SiOx-C Composite via High-Speed Spray Pyrolysis for Li-Ion Battery Anodes

Cited 119 time in Web of Science Cited 123 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2017-03
Citation
Nano Letters, Vol.17 No.3, pp.1870-1876
Keywords
Cycle lifeinitial Coulombic efficiencypulverizationsilicon monoxidespray pyrolysis
Abstract
Despite the high theoretical capacity, silicon (Si) anodes in lithium-ion batteries have difficulty in meeting the commercial standards in various aspects. In particular, the huge volume change of Si makes it very challenging to simultaneously achieve high initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) and long-term cycle life. Herein, we report spray pyrolysis to prepare Si-SiOx composite using an aqueous precursor solution containing Si nanoparticles, citric acid, and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). In the precursor solution, Si nanoparticles are etched by NaOH with the production of [SiO4](4-). During the dynamic course of spray pyrolysis, [SiO4](4-) transforms to SiOx matrix and citric acid decomposes to carbon surface layer with the assistance of NaOH that serves as a decomposition catalyst. As a result, a Si-SiOx composite, in which Si nanodomains are homogeneously embedded in the SiOx matrix with carbon surface layer, is generated by a one-pot process with a residence time of only 3.5 s in a flow reactor. The optimal composite structure in terms of Si domain size and Si-to-O ratio exhibited excellent electrochemical performance, such as reversible capacity of 1561.9 mAh g(-1) at 0.06C rate and ICE of 80.2% and 87.9% capacity retention after 100 cycles at 1C rate.
ISSN
1530-6984
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164716
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05191
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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