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Ordered Mesoporous Titanium Nitride as a Promising Carbon-Free Cathode for Aprotic Lithium-Oxygen Batteries

Cited 94 time in Web of Science Cited 94 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Byung Gon; Jo, Changshin; Shin, Jaeho; Mun, Yeongdong; Lee, Jinwoo; Choi, Jang Wook
Issue Date
2017-02
Citation
ACS Nano, Vol.11 No.2, pp.1736-1746
Keywords
mesoporous structureporeless separatorredox mediatorself-assemblytitanium nitride
Abstract
Despite the extraordinary gravimetric energy densities, lithium-oxygen (Li-O-2) batteries are still facing a technological challenge; limited round trip efficiency leading to insufficient cycle life. Recently, carbonaceous electrode materials were found to be one of the primary origins of the limited cycle life, as they produce irreversible side products during discharge. A few investigations based on noncarbonaceous materials have demonstrated largely suppressed accumulation of irreversible side products, but such studies have focused mainly on the materials themselves rather than delicate morphology control. As such, here, we report the synthesis of mesoporous titanium nitride (m-TiN) with a 2D hexagonal structure and large pores (>30 nm), which was templated by a block copolymer with tunable chain lengths, and introduce it as a stable air-cathode backbone. Due to the well-aligned pore structure and decent electric conductivity of TiN, the battery reaction was quite reversible, resulting in robust cycling performance for over 100 cycles under a potential cutoff condition. Furthermore, by protecting the Li metal with a poreless polyurethane separator and engaging a lithium iodide redox mediator, the original capacity was retained for 280 cycles under a consistent capacity condition (430 mAh g(-1)). This study reveals that when the appropriate structure and material choice of the air-cathode are coupled with an advanced separator and an effective solution-phase redox mediator, the cycle lives of Li-O-2 batteries can be enhanced dramatically.
ISSN
1936-0851
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/164723
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.6b07635
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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