S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Cancer Research Institute (암연구소) Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
The gefitinib dose reduction on survival outcomes in epidermal growth factor receptor mutant non-small cell lung cancer
- Sim, Sung Hoon; Keam, Bhumsuk; Kim, Dong-Wan; Kim, Tae Min; Lee, Se-Hoon; Chung, Doo Hyun; Heo, Dae Seog
- Issue Date
- Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, Vol.140 No.12, pp.2135-2142
- Gefitinib is safe for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but some patients experience toxicities and require dose reduction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of gefitinib dose reduction on survival. We retrospectively analyzed 263 patients with NSCLC harboring sensitive epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation. All patients had recurred or metastatic disease and received gefitinib 250 mg daily as palliative chemotherapy. Of the 263 patients, 23 had gefitinib dose reduction due to toxicities (1 due to mucositis, 5 due to skin rash, 11 due to hepatotoxicity and 6 for both skin and hepatotoxicity). In the dose reduction group, the mean dose intensity was 0.84 (range 0.48-0.98). Patients with dose reduction showed significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to those receiving the standard dose (median PFS: 14.0 vs. 10.6 months, P = 0.042, median OS: 54.5 vs. 29.6, P = 0.020). In multivariate analysis, the effect of dose reduction was not significantly associated with prolonged PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.619, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.357-1.073, P = 0.085], or OS (HR 0.625, 95 % CI 0.287-1.362, P = 0.237). However, patients receiving low-dose gefitinib tended to have superior survival outcomes compared to those receiving standard-dose gefitinib. The patients experiencing gefitinib dose reduction or short-term treatment interruption due to toxicities did not show inferior survival, compared to those receiving full dose of gefitinib in NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation.
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