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Radiating Amyloid Fibril Formation on the Surface of Lipid Membranes through Unit-Assembly of Oligomeric Species of alpha-Synuclein

Cited 3 time in Web of Science Cited 22 time in Scopus

Lee, Jung-Ho; Hong, Chul-Suk; Lee, Soonkoo; Yang, Jee-Eun; Park, Yong Il; Lee, Daekyun; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Jung, Seunho; Paik, Seung R.

Issue Date
Public Library of Science
PLoS ONE, Vol.7 No.10, p. e47580
Background: Lewy body in the substantia nigra is a cardinal pathological feature of Parkinson's disease. Despite enormous efforts, the cause-and-effect relationship between Lewy body formation and the disorder is yet to be explicitly unveiled. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we showed that radiating amyloid fibrils (RAFs) were instantly developed on the surface of synthetic lipid membranes from the beta-sheet free oligomeric species of alpha-synuclein through a unit-assembly process. The burgeoning RAFs were successfully matured by feeding them with additional oligomers, which led to concomitant dramatic shrinkage and disintegration of the membranes by pulling off lipid molecules to the extending fibrils. Mitochondria and lysosomes were demonstrated to be disrupted by the oligomeric alpha-synuclein via membrane-dependent fibril formation. Conclusion: The physical structure formation of amyloid fibrils, therefore, could be considered as detrimental to the cells by affecting membrane integrity of the intracellular organelles, which might be a molecular cause for the neuronal degeneration observed in Parkinson's disease.
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  • College of Engineering
  • School of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Research Area Chemistry, Materials Science


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