S-Space Graduate School of Environmental Studies (환경대학원) Dept. of Landscape Architecture (환경조경학과) Theses (Master's Degree_환경조경학과)
A study on the Introduction Strategies of Environmental Education Programme for Children Reusing Existing Forest in Forest Botanical Garden of Heilongjiang Province
흑룡강성 삼림 식물원 내 숲을 활용한 어린이 환경교육 도입 방안 연구
- JU XUEHUA
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Forest; Environmental Education; Botanical Garden; Children’s Development; 숲; 도시숲; 숲 환경교육; 프로그램; 식물원; 아동
- 학위논문 (석사) -- 서울대학교 대학원 : 환경대학원 환경조경학과, 2020. 8. 성종상.
Urban forest botanical garden is not only have ecological significance in the city, but also have educational significance. Heilongjiang Forest Botanical Garden， as the unique forest botanical garden located in the city center of China, its forest resources are abundant, accounting for 80% of the botanical garden's area. The function of forest environmental education are of great theoretical and practical significance to awaken the public's forest ecological awareness and improve environmental protection awareness. Due to the high accessibility, urban forest botanical garden provides an excellent place for the development of forest environmental education. The goal of environmental education is to let children to understand the northern forest through activities, as well as the natural environment they live in. This programme of HFBG can be a start to stress the importance of forest education especially for children to realize sustainable forest utilization and conservation. Through the analysis on the site, 3 directions of education program planning are decided: 1. The education content should be summarized from the site. 2. Different types of FEE Programmes for Different Age groups. 3. When considering the operation, the programme should be 3 type: Regular programme and Permanent programm in Botanical garden and a school - botanical garden corporation programme. The content of forest education in HFBG should be classified into 3 component：1. Forest resources (use of forest products) 2. Natural environment (Forest environment, forest ecosystems) 3. Regional culture (Natural features, Regional culture). 8 regions in total were selected as the place for environmental education programmes. The education contents of each region are as follows: Knowing trees, Northern Nomadic Story with Birch, Camphor pine forest and life, Knowing Butterflies, Garden management, Clove from afar, Mysterious northern forest, Learn the value of Yew. As a result, considering the children's development, there are 16 activities in total in eight areas are proposed. The cooperation of various social sectors may be a feasible way under the premise of the long-term forest environmental education activities in the botanical garden. 4 Management Models such as, Government-led Management Model, Government Sponsored Young Entrepreneurs projects model are proposed. Also, 4 operation method including Cartoon image for propaganda, Combination with school curriculum, the Special Prevision for Education Programme, are showed in this paper.