S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학연구원) Journal Papers (저널논문_농업생명과학연구원)
Antiproliferation effect of sulforaphene isolated from radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seeds on A549 cells
- Lim, Sooyeon; Ahn, Jin-Chul; Lee, Eun Jin; Kim, Jongkee
- Issue Date
- Springer Open
- Applied Biological Chemistry. 2020 Nov 11;63(1):75
- Sulforaphene (SFE), a major isothiocyanate in radish seeds, is a close chemical relative of sulforaphane (SFA) isolated from broccoli seeds and florets. The anti-proliferative mechanisms of SFA against cancer cells have been well investigated, but little is known about the potential anti-proliferative effects of SFE. In this study, we showed that SFE purified from radish seeds inhibited the growth of six cancer cell lines (A549, CHO, HeLa, Hepa1c1c7, HT-29, and LnCaP), with relative half maximal inhibitory concentration values ranging from 1.37 to 3.31 μg/mL. Among the six cancer cell lines, SFE showed the greatest growth inhibition against A549 lung cancer cells, where it induced apoptosis by changing the levels of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and caspase-3, -8, and -9. Our results indicate that SFE from radish seeds may have significant anti-proliferative potency against a broad range of human cancer cells via induction of apoptosis.