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A multifunctional phosphite-containing electrolyte for 5 V-class LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathodes with superior electrochemical performance

Cited 160 time in Web of Science Cited 163 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2014-07
Citation
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol.2 No.25, pp.9506-9513
Abstract
We report a highly promising organophosphorus compound with an organic substituent, tris(trimethylsilyl) phosphite (TMSP), to improve the electrochemical performance of 5 V-class LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials. Our investigation reveals that TMSP alleviates the decomposition of LiPF6 by hydrolysis, effectively eliminates HF promoting Mn/Ni dissolution from the cathode, and forms a protective layer on the cathode surface against severe electrolyte decomposition at high voltages. Remarkable improvements in the cycling stability and rate capability of high voltage cathodes were achieved in the TMSP-containing electrolyte. After 100 cycles at 60 degrees C, the discharge capacity retention was 73% in the baseline electrolyte, whereas the TMSP-added electrolyte maintained 90% of its initial discharge capacity. In addition, the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode with TMSP delivers a superior discharge capacity of 105 mA h g(-1) at a high rate of 3 C and an excellent capacity retention of 81% with a high coulombic efficiency of over 99.6% is exhibited for a graphite/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 full cell after 100 cycles at 30 degrees C.
ISSN
2050-7488
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171840
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ta01129e
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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