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Wrapping SnO2 with porosity-tuned graphene as a strategy for high-rate performance in lithium battery anodes

Cited 44 time in Web of Science Cited 44 time in Scopus
Authors
Nam, Seunghoon; Yang, Seung Jae; Lee, Sangheon; Kim, Jaewon; Kang, Joonhyeon; Oh, Jun Young; Park, Chong Rae; Moon, Taeho; Lee, Kyu Tae; Park, Byungwoo
Issue Date
2015-04
Citation
Carbon, Vol.85, pp.289-298
Abstract
The previous studies on SnO2 as electrode materials convey a message that the inevitable pulverization of SnO2 particles can be resolved by carbon-based materials. Since graphene has also proved effective for the harmful decrepitation of the particles with an advantage of electronic conductivity, wrapping SnO2 by sufficient amount of graphene seems to be an answer to enhancing its cycle life. On the other hand, severe wrapping of SnO2 by graphene is deleterious to its rate capability due to the sluggish motion of Li through the stacked graphene layers. Thus, in order to make graphene sheets favorable for Li-ion diffusion, they were modified to have large porosity with 3-D architectures, by a simple heating-rate control. The porous graphene-wrapped SnO2, having direct diffusion channels for Li+, outperforms the SnO2 with less-porous graphene. Consequently, the excellent performances are fulfilled, showing both stable cyclability (similar to 1100 mAh g(-1) up to 100 cycles) and high rate capability (similar to 690 mAh g(-1) under 3600 mA g(-1)). This strategy using porosity-tuned graphene sheet furnishes a valuable insight into the effective encapsulation of active materials, especially for those undergoing pulverization during cycling. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0008-6223
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171848
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.01.005
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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