S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
Heat-processed neoginseng, KG-135, down-regulates G1 Cyclin-dependent kinase through the proteasome-mediated pathway in HeLa cells
- Lee, Won-Hee; Choi, Joon-Seok; Kim, Hyun Young; Park, Jeong-Hill; Lee, Seung-Ki; Surh, Young-Joon
- Issue Date
- Oncology Reports, Vol.21 No.2, pp.467-474
- High temperature heat treatment of ginseng (Panax ginseng, C.A. Meyer) generates KG-135 (heat-processed neoginseng) which contains a mixture of three major ginseng saponins, ginsenosides Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5. Ginsenosides, particularly of the diol-type including Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5, have been shown to induce cell growth arrest in various cell types of human cancer. Herein, we report that KG-135 is able to arrest the cell cycle in human cervix adenocarcinoma HeLa cells. KG-135 arrests cells at the G1 phase of the cell cycle with an IC(50) value of 69 mu g/ml. The G1 phase arrest is associated with down-regulation of Cyclin D1/Cdk4 and Cyclin B1/Cdc2 activities in cells after treatment with KG-135. Furthermore, down-regulation of G1 Cyclin-dependent kinase activities is kinetically well related to the decreased intracellular protein levels of these kinases. In addition, the decrease in the levels of Cyclin D1/Cdk4 and Cyclin B1, but not of Cdc2, is similarly prevented by co-treatment of cells with MG-132, a potent proteasome inhibitor. Thus, the KG-135-induced arrest of the cell cycle at G1 phase in HeLa cells represents a novel mechanism that involves proteasome-mediated degradation of the Cyclins (Cyclin D1 and B 1) and Cdk4 proteins.
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