S-Space Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원) Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
Inhibitory effects of isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methylthiazol-2-yl)carbam oyl]acetate (YH439) on benzo[a]pyrene-induced skin carcinogenesis and micronucleated reticulocyte formation in mice
- Surh, Young-Joon; Kim, Seong Gon; Liem, Amy; Lee, Jong Wook; Miller, James A
- Issue Date
- Mutation Research, Vol.423 No.1-2, pp.149-153
- chemoprevention; organosulfur compound; isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methyl-2-thiazol-2-yl)car bamoyl]acetate (YH439); diallyl sulfide
- Recently, a great deal of attention has been devoted to organosulfur compounds with potential cancer chemopreventive properties. Many sulfur-containing substances present in Brassica plants have been reported to possess striking anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic activities. Besides naturally occurring organosulfur compounds, certain synthetic sulfur-containing pharmaceuticals, such as oltipraz and sulindac, are known to exert substantial chemopreventive or chemoprotective effects. Isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methylthiazol-2-yl)carbamoyl]acetate (YH439) was initially developed for its possible use as a hepatoprotectant. The compound has been found to up-regulate the expression of cytochrome P-450 IA1 [I.J. Lee, K.S. Jeong, B.J. Roberts, A.T. Kallarakal, P. Fernandez-Salguero, F.J. Gonzalez, B.J. Song, Transcriptional induction of the cytochrome P-450 1A1 gene by a thiazolium compound YH439, Mel. Pharmacol. 49 (1996) 980-988.] which plays a pivotal role in metabolism of the majority of polycyclic aromatic carcinogens and mutagens, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). In the present study, we found that oral administration of YH439 to CD-1 mice significantly suppressed B[a]P-initiated skin tumorigenesis. B[a]P-induced formation of micronuclei in mouse peripheral reticulocytes was also attenuated by YH439 pretreatment. Likewise, diallyl sulfide, a major volatile thioether present in garlic, also protected against B[a]P-induced skin tumorigenesis and micronucleated reticulocyte formation in mice. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- Files in This Item: There are no files associated with this item.