S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Establishment and characterization of six human lung cancer cell lines: EGFR, p53 gene mutations and expressions of drug sensitivity genes
- Ku, Ja-Lok; Kim, Kyung-Hee; Choi, Jin-Sung; Jeon, You-Kyung; Kim, Sung-Hee; Shin, Young-Kyoung; Kim, Tae-You; Bang, Yung-Jue; Kim, Woo Ho; Park, Jae-Gahb
- Issue Date
- Cellular Oncology, Vol.34 No.1, pp.45-54
- Background Six human lung cancer cell lines (SNU-371, SNU-963, SNU-1327, SNU-1330, SNU-2292 and SNU-2315) were newly established through primary cell cultures. These cell lines were derived from a pulmonary blastoma, a small cell lung cancer, three adenocarcinomas and a squamous cell carcinoma of the lung of six Korean lung cancer patients. Methods The histopathology of the primary tumors and their in vitro growth characteristics were described. DNA fingerprinting analysis and genetic alterations in the p53, beta-catenin, TGF beta RII, K-ras and EGFR genes were conducted, mRNA expressions levels of E-cadherin, COX-2, MDR1, MXR, CGA, synatophysin and TTF1 genes were investigated and sensitivity to anticancer drugs was screened. Results Five cell lines grew as adherent cells and one cell line grew as floating aggregates. All lines were free of mycoplasma or bacteria and were proven unique by DNA fingerprinting analysis. A significant polymorphism at codon 72 (Arg to Pro) of the p53 gene was found in one line (SNU-1327) and a mutation at codon 176 was found in SNU-2292. No mutations in the K-ras, beta-catenin and TGF beta RII genes were observed. E-cadherin was not expressed in SNU-371 and COX-2 was overexpressed in SNU-1330, SNU-2292 and SNU-2315 cell lines. MDR1 was overexpressed in SNU-371 and SNU-2292 cell lines and MXR was overexpressed in SNU-1327 cell line. Interestingly, the SNU-371 cell line derived from a pulmonary blastoma and which overexpressed MDR1 displayed cross resistance for several anticancer drugs. Neuroendocrine markers, chromogranin A and synaptophysin, were overexpressed in the small cell lung cancer cell line, SNU-963 and thyroid transcription factor-1 was also over expressed in this cell line. Two mutations (p.Glu746_Ser752delinsVal and p.Glu746_Ala750del) in exon 19 of EGFR were found in SNU-1330 and SNU-2315 cell lines, respectively. Conclusion These well-characterized lung cancer cell lines may be useful tools for investigations of the biological characteristics of lung cancers, particularly for investigations related to mutations of EGER.
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