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Actual long-term survival after resection of stage III soft tissue sarcoma

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Authors
Lee, Do Weon; Kim, Han-Soo; Han, Ilkyu
Issue Date
2021-01-05
Publisher
BMC
Citation
BMC Cancer. 2021 Jan 05;21(1):21
Keywords
SarcomaSoft tissue sarcomaSurvival
Abstract
Background
Actuarial survival based on the Kaplan–Meier method can overestimate actual long-term survival, especially among those with factors of poor prognosis. Patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III soft tissue sarcoma (STS) represent a subset with a high risk of STS-specific mortality. Therefore, we aimed to characterize the clinicopathological characteristics associated with actual long-term survival in patients with stage III STS.

Methods
We retrospectively reviewed 116 patients who underwent surgical resection for stage III STS with curative intent between March 2000 and December 2013. Long-term survivors (n = 61), defined as those who survived beyond 5 years, were compared with short-term survivors (n = 36), who died of STS within 5 years.

Results
Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that a tumor size < 10 cm [odds ratio (OR) 3.95, p = 0.047], histological grade of 2 (OR 8.12, p = 0.004), and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of 1 (OR 11.25, p = 0.001) were independently associated with actual 5-year survival. However, 66% of the long-term survivors exhibited factors of poor prognosis: 36% had a tumor size > 10 cm and 48% had a histological grade of 3. Leiomyosarcoma (3 of 10) was negatively associated with actual long-term survival.

Conclusions
Actual 5-year survival after resection of stage III STS was associated with tumor size, histological grade, and ASA score. However, majority of the actual 5-year survivors exhibit factors of poor prognosis, suggesting that aggressive treatment should be offered for a chance of long-term survival in these patients.
ISSN
1471-2407
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/173376
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07730-3
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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