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Passive smoking exposure and the risk of hypertension among non-smoking adults: the 2015–2016 NHANES data

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dc.contributor.authorAkpa, Onoja M-
dc.contributor.authorOkekunle , Akinkunmi P-
dc.contributor.authorAsowata, Jeffery O-
dc.contributor.authorAdedokun, Babatunde-
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-15T06:47:54Z-
dc.date.available2021-03-15T15:49:58Z-
dc.date.issued2021-01-01-
dc.identifier.citationClinical Hypertension. 2021 Jan 01;27(1):1ko_KR
dc.identifier.issn2056-5909-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/173593-
dc.description.abstractBackground
Hypertension is a major public health problem and a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, whether passive smoking exposure (PSE) is associated with the risk of hypertension is scarcely understood. This study assessed the association between PSE and the risk of hypertension among adults (≥18 years) in the United States of America.

Methods
Three thousand and sixty-seven adults were identified from the 2015–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the association between PSE and hypertension (adjusting for relevant confounders) was examined using multivariable adjusted-logistic regression analysis at P < 0.05.

Results
Mean age of respondents was 46.5 ± 17.9 years. Overall, 23.7% of respondents reported PSE and 32.6% were hypertensives (of which only 14.3% were aware of their hypertensive state) Also, adjusted odds of hypertension for participants with PSE was 1.038 (1.037, 1.040), P < 0.0001, in the overall population. Also, PSE aggravated odds of hypertension among young adults – < 60 years (aOR: 1.095, 95CI%: 1.094 to 1.097), P < 0.0001, and old adults – ≥60 years (aOR: 1.110, 95% CI: 1.108 to 1.113), P < 0.0001. Similarly, PSE was associated with increased odds of hypertension among women (aOR: 1.240, 95% CI: 1.238 to 1.242), P < 0.0001 but not among men (aOR: 0.755, 95% CI: 0.754 to 0.757), P < 0.0001.

Conclusions
PSE was independently associated with the risk of hypertension particularly among women, young and old adults. A multi-ethnic longitudinal cohort may help ascertain causality and provide more evidence for appropriate interventions.
ko_KR
dc.description.sponsorshipOkekunle AP received partial support from the African-German Network of Excellence in Science (AGNES), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH). Also, both Okekunle AP and Akpa OM received partial funding from the Postgraduate College, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBMCko_KR
dc.subjectPassive smoke exposure-
dc.subjectHypertension-
dc.subjectNHANES-
dc.titlePassive smoking exposure and the risk of hypertension among non-smoking adults: the 2015–2016 NHANES datako_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s40885-020-00159-7-
dc.citation.journaltitleClinical Hypertensionko_KR
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s)-
dc.date.updated2021-01-27T10:45:01Z-
dc.citation.number1ko_KR
dc.citation.startpage1ko_KR
dc.citation.volume27ko_KR
Appears in Collections:
College of Human Ecology (생활과학대학)Dept. of Food and Nutrition (식품영양학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_식품영양학과)
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