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Free Trade and the Environment under the GATT/WTO: Negative or Compatible Relationship?

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Issue Date
2021-06
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.28 No.1, pp. 119-135
Keywords
GATT/WTOArticle XXdispute settlementenvironmental-related notifications
Abstract
How has the WTO handled global environmental issues? Does it favor the values of free trade or environmental protection? This paper provides a descriptive assessment on the two competing arguments about free trade and the environment under the GATT/WTO. One view sees free trade as harming the environment, whereas the other perspective sees it as contributing to environmental protection. To assess the efforts of the GATT/WTO for environmental protection, we examine environmental dispute cases and environmental notifications by member countries under the GATT/ WTO. We find that in earlier times, the WTO decisions in the dispute cases were prone to the first argument viewing free trade as harmful for the environmental protection. However, an increasing number of environmental-related notifications under the WTO by its member countries may indicate an improvement in the WTO’s efforts to protect the environment, suggesting more recent support for the California effect.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/176797
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area Studies (JIAS)Journal of International and Area Studies vol.28 (2021)
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