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Atomic Structure Modification of Fe‒N‒C Catalysts via Morphology Engineering of Graphene for Enhanced Conversion Kinetics of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

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Issue Date
2022-05
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Citation
Advanced Functional Materials, Vol.32 No.19
Abstract
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.Single-atom M‒N‒C catalysts have attracted tremendous attention for their application to electrocatalysis. Nitrogen-coordinated mononuclear metal moieties (MNx moities) are bio-inspired active sites that are analogous to various metal-porphyrin cofactors. Given that the functions of metal-porphyrin cofactors are highly dependent on the local coordination environments around the mononuclear active site, engineering MNx active sites in heterogeneous M‒N‒C catalysts would provide an additional degree of freedom for boosting their electrocatalytic activity. This work presents a local coordination structure modification of FeN4 moieties via morphological engineering of graphene support. Introducing highly wrinkled structure in graphene matrix induces nonplanar distortion of FeN4 moieties, resulting in the modification of electronic structure of mononuclear Fe. Electrochemical analysis combined with first-principles calculations reveal that enhanced electrocatalytic lithium polysulfide conversion, especially the Li2S redox step, is attributed to the local structure modified FeN4 active sites, while increased specific surface area also contributes to improved performance at low C-rates. Owing to the synergistic combination of atomic-level modified FeN4 active sites and morphological advantage of graphene support, Fe‒N‒C catalysts with wrinkled graphene morphology show superior lithium–sulfur battery performance at both low and high C-rates (particularly 915.9 mAh g−1 at 5 C) with promising cycling stability.
ISSN
1616-301X
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/182711
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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