Dietary branched-chain amino acids and odds of obesity among immigrant Filipino women: the Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL)

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Okekunle, Akinkunmi Paul; Lee, Heejin; Provido, Sherlyn Mae P.; Chung, Grace H.; Hong, Sangmo; Yu, Sung Hoon; Lee, Chang Beom; Lee, Jung Eun

Issue Date
BioMed Central
BMC Public Health, Vol.22 No.1, p. 654
Background The dietary environment promoting adiposity keeps evolving and of interest is the significance of dietary branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). This study assessed the association between dietary BCAA intakes and odds of obesity among immigrant Filipino women in Korea. Method We included 423 immigrant Filipino women enrolled in the Filipino Women's diet and health study in the Republic of Korea. Dietary BCAA intakes were estimated from 24 hour recalls and adjusted for energy intake using the residual method. General obesity was derived from direct anthropometric measurements (height, weight and waist circumference - WC) and defined as body mass index (BMI) >= 25 kg/m(2) and abdominal obesity as WC >= 80 cm. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) by tertile distribution of energy-adjusted BCAA intakes were estimated using multivariable logistic regression with a two-sided P < 0.05. Results Median (interquartile range) for BCAA intakes in g/day were; 7.9 (5.8, 10.3) g/day for total BCAA; 2.0 (1.5, 2.6) g/day for isoleucine, 3.5(2.5, 4.6) g/day for leucine and 2.4 (1.8, 3.1) g/day for valine. Mean BMI and WC were 23.6 +/- 3.8 kg/m(2) and 79.8 +/- 9.3 cm, respectively. Also, 30.2% (128) had BMI >= 25 kg/m(2) and 42.0% (178) had WC >= 80 cm. ORs (95%CIs) of general obesity across tertile distribution of energy-adjusted total BCAA intakes were 1.00, 0.81 (0.47, 1.37) and 0.62 (0.36, 1.07; P for trend = 0.08). A similar trend was observed across tertile distribution of energy-adjusted isoleucine, leucine and valine intakes. However, there was a statistically significant inverse association between total BCAA intake and odds of general obesity in a subset of non-smokers; 1.00, 0.68 (0.39, 1.20) and 0.55 (0.31, 0.98; P for trend = 0.04). Conclusion We found a suggestive inverse association between higher dietary BCAA intake and odds of obesity in this sample of immigrant Filipino women, particularly among non-smokers. Prospective cohort studies among the immigrant population will be necessary to verity these findings.
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College of Human Ecology (생활과학대학)Dept. of Child Development and Family Studies (아동가족학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_아동가족학과)
College of Human Ecology (생활과학대학)Dept. of Food and Nutrition (식품영양학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_식품영양학과)
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