Rapid and accurate nanoelectrokinetic diagnosis of drug-resistant bacteria

Cited 4 time in Web of Science Cited 5 time in Scopus

Kim, Wonseok; Park, Jae Suk; Lee, Dokeun; Seo, Joowon; Lee, Luke P.; Kim, Sung Jae

Issue Date
Elsevier Ltd
Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Vol.213, p. 114350
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.Increased antimicrobial resistance presents a major threat to public health, and it is a global health problem due to the rapid globalization and transmission of infectious diseases. However, fast and precise diagnosis tool is lacking, and inappropriate antibiotic prescription leads to the unforeseen production of drug-resistant bacteria. Here, we report a Rapid and Accurate Nanoelectrokinetic Diagnostic System (RANDx) for detecting drug-resistant bacteria, which cause a common infectious disease called Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), within 7 min. We develop nanoelectrokinetic paper-based analytic device (NEK-PAD) as a sample prep module of RANDx and obtain >100-fold post-wetting preconcentration by balancing between ion concentration polarization (ICP) and radial imbibition for a constant flow rate. Simultaneously with preconcentration, our cathodic nanochannel design enables NEK-PAD to extract drug-resistant enzymes without denaturation and accelerate enzyme-linked reactions under electrical spontaneous heating at approximately 37 °C. Finally, using a cell phone camera, we detect label-free drug-resistant bacteria as low as 104 cfu/mL, which is higher than clinically required threshold (>105 cfu/mL) by enhancing 1000 times of the limit of detection (LOD) of colorimetric nitrocefin assay. We believe that the RANDx will be an innovative precision medicine tool for UTI and other infectious diseases in limited remote settings.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering (전기·정보공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_전기·정보공학부)
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