Selective removal of radioactive iodine from water using reusable Fe@Pt adsorbents

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Jeong, Hwakyeung; Lee, Dong Woo; Hong, Sung Jun; Kim, Jihye; Kim, Minsik; Kim, Junhyuck; Lee, Hyeon Seok; Park, Tae-Hong; Kim, Hee-Kyung; Park, Jai Il; Kim, Jong-Yun; Lim, Sang Ho; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Han, Byungchan; Bae, Sang-Eun

Issue Date
Elsevier BV
Water Research, Vol.222, p. 118864
© 2022 The Author(s)Environmental damage from serious nuclear accidents should be urgently restored, which needs the removal of radioactive species. Radioactive iodine isotopes are particularly problematic for human health because they are released in large amounts and retain radioactivity for a substantial time. Herein, we prepare platinum-coated iron nanoparticles (Fe@Pt) as a highly selective and reusable adsorbent for iodine species, i.e., iodide (I−), iodine (I2), and methyl iodide (CH3I). Fe@Pt selectively separates iodine species from seawater and groundwater with a removal efficiency ≥ 99.8%. The maximum adsorption capacity for the iodine atom of all three iodine species was determined to be 25 mg/g. The magnetic properties of Fe@Pt allow for the facile recovery and reuse of Fe@Pt, which remains stable with high efficiency (97.5%) over 100 uses without structural and functional degradation in liquid media. Practical application to the removal of radioactive 129I and feasibility for scale-up using a 20 L system demonstrate that Fe@Pt can function as a reusable adsorbent for the selective removal of iodine species. This systematic procedure is a standard protocol for designing highly active adsorbents for the clean separation and removal of various chemical species dissolved in wastewater.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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