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Preparation and Characterization of pH-Sensitive Capsosomes for Oral Delivery of Therapeutic Proteins

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Yang, Eunhye; Jung, Ho -Sup; Chang, Pahn-Shick

Issue Date
American Chemical Society
Langmuir, Vol.38 No.30, pp.9294-9300
Oral administration of therapeutic proteins is very challenging because of gastrointestinal instability and decomposition. In this study, we developed a system for oral delivery of superoxide dismutase (SOD) as one of the therapeutic proteins. SOD-loaded capsosomes (SOD-C) were formed by the assembly of chitosan-coated solid lipid nanoparticles and SOD-loaded liposomes (SOD-L). Unlike raw SOD activity decreases to 19.41% in SGF and 13.70% in SIF, the SOD-C in SGF (89.30%) condition retained its initial catalytic activity and decreased but exhibited a three-fold higher raw SOD activity even after incubation in SIF (41.63%). TEM analysis indicated that after intestinal digestion, the residual amount of intact liposomes affected the higher catalytic activity of SOD-C compared to raw SOD and SOD-L. Based on these results, significantly higher cellular uptake of SOD-C was observed compared to raw SOD. Also, SOD-C remarkably suppressed the cellular malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration by maintaining the antioxidative capacity of SOD to remove MDA produced in the oxidative stress-induced cells, thereby contributing to a significant five-fold difference with SOD-R (p < 0.05). This delivery system can facilitate the oral application of other therapeutic proteins, improving gastrointestinal stability.
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