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Development of chitosan-coated nanoemulsions of two sulfides present in onion (Allium cepa) essential oil and their nematicidal activities against the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Cited 8 time in Web of Science Cited 11 time in Scopus

Yang, Eunhye; Lee, Jae-Woo; Chang, Pahn-Shick; Park, Il-Kwon

Issue Date
Springer Verlag
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol.28 No.48, pp.69200-69209
Pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is a plant parasitic nematode which causes severe damage to several Pinus species. Two natural compounds, dipropyl trisulfide (DPTS) and methyl propyl trisulfide (MPTS), showed strong nematicidal activity against the pine wood nematode, presenting 4.24 and 17.81 mu g/mL LC50 values, respectively. However, hydrophobicity and low stability have limited their practical use in the field as nematicides. To overcome these problems, chitosan-coated nanoemulsions of DPTS and MPTS were developed. The optimum chitosan concentration for the delivery system of the two sulfides was 0.5%. Optimized chitosan-coated nanoemulsions of sulfides have a uniform size distribution (mean diameter = 203.7 and 207.7 nm, mean polydispersity index = 0.176 and 0.178) with sufficient colloidal stability (mean zeta potential = +40 and +45 mV). The LC50 values of DPTS and MPTS nanoemulsions coated with 0.5% chitosan against the pine wood nematode were 5.01 and 16.60 mu g/mL, respectively. In addition, chitosan coating improved the long-term storage stability and persistence of nematicidal activity of the nanoemulsions. This study indicates that the chitosan-coated nanoemulsion is a suitable formulation for sulfides as novel nematicides against the pine wood nematode for field application.
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