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Highly Efficient Nitrogen-Fixing Microbial Hydrogel Device for Sustainable Solar Hydrogen Production

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Authors

Lee, Wang Hee; Yoon, Chang-Kyu; Park, Hyunseo; Park, Ga-Hee; Jeong, Jae Hwan; Cha, Gi Doo; Lee, Byoung-Hoon; Lee, Juri; Lee, Chan Woo; Bootharaju, Megalamane S.; Sunwoo, Sung-Hyuk; Ryu, Jaeyune; Lee, Changha; Cho, Yong-Joon; Nam, Tae-Wook; Ahn, Kyung Hyun; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Seok, Yeong-Jae; Kim, Dae-Hyeong

Issue Date
2023-10
Publisher
WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Citation
Advanced Materials, Vol.35 No.52, p. 2306092
Abstract
Conversion of sunlight and organic carbon substrates to sustainable energy sources through microbial metabolism has great potential for the renewable energy industry. Despite recent progress in microbial photosynthesis, the development of microbial platforms that warrant efficient and scalable fuel production remains in its infancy. Efficient transfer and retrieval of gaseous reactants and products to and from microbes are particular hurdles. Here, inspired by water lily leaves floating on water, a microbial device designed to operate at the air-water interface and facilitate concomitant supply of gaseous reactants, smooth capture of gaseous products, and efficient sunlight delivery is presented. The floatable device carrying Rhodopseudomonas parapalustris, of which nitrogen fixation activity is first determined through this study, exhibits a hydrogen production rate of 104 mmol h-1 m-2, which is 53 times higher than that of a conventional device placed at a depth of 2 cm in the medium. Furthermore, a scaled-up device with an area of 144 cm2 generates hydrogen at a high rate of 1.52 L h-1 m-2. Efficient nitrogen fixation and hydrogen generation, low fabrication cost, and mechanical durability corroborate the potential of the floatable microbial device toward practical and sustainable solar energy conversion. A microbial device, designed to operate at the air-water interface, facilitates concomitant supply of gaseous reactants, smooth capture of gaseous products, and efficient sunlight delivery. Efficient nitrogen fixation and hydrogen generation, low fabrication cost, and mechanical durability corroborate the potential of the floatable microbial device toward practical and sustainable solar energy conversion.image
ISSN
0935-9648
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/197560
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202306092
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  • School of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Research Area Chemistry, Materials Science

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