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The avian-specific small heat shock protein HSP25 is a constitutive protector against environmental stresses during blastoderm dormancy

Cited 15 time in Web of Science Cited 15 time in Scopus

Hwang, Young Sun; Ko, Mee Hyun; Kim, Young Min; Park, Young Hyun; Ono, Tamao; Han, Jae Yong

Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Scientific Reports, Vol.6, p. 36704
Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) range in size from 12 to 42 kDa and contain an a-crystalline domain. They have been proposed to play roles in the first line of defence against various stresses in an ATP-independent manner. In birds, a newly oviposited blastoderm can survive several weeks in a dormant state in low-temperature storage suggesting that blastoderm cells are basically tolerant of environmental stress. However, sHSPs in the stress-tolerant blastoderm have yet to be investigated. Thus, we characterised the expression and function of sHSPs in the chicken blastoderm. We found that chicken HSP25 was expressed especially in the blastoderm and was highly upregulated during low-temperature storage. Multiple alignments, phylogenetic trees, and expression in the blastoderms of Japanese quail and zebra finch showed homologues of HSP25 were conserved in other avian species. After knockdown of chicken HSP25, the expression of pluripotency marker genes decreased significantly. Furthermore, loss of function studies demonstrated that chicken HSP25 is associated with anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidant, and pro-autophagic effects in chicken blastoderm cells. Collectively, these results suggest avian HSP25 could play an important role in association with the first line of cellular defences against environmental stress and the protection of future embryonic cells in the avian blastoderm.
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